Know Your Rights

This page is dedicated to informing tenants about their rights. Check back soon for more updates.

Before you Rent:

According to Section 2 (1) of the Human Rights Code:
“every person has a right to equal treatment with respect to the occupancy of accommodation, without discrimination because of race, ancestry, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, citizenship, creed, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, age, marital status, family status, disability or the receipt of public assistance”

Check back for more information at a later date.

After you rent:

On ending tenancy agreements early:
You can apply too end the tenancy agreement early if your landlord does any of the following (Source: Social Justice Tribunals Ontario):

  • is not maintaining the rental property
  • unlawfully enters the rental unit alters the locking system without giving you  replacement keys
  • withholds or deliberately interferes with a vital service
  • interferes with your reasonable enjoyment of the rental property 
  • harasses you
  • unreasonably withholds consent to assign or sublet the rental unit”

You can find more help for tenants by going to this link, here.

On above-guideline-increases (AGI): In accordance with the RTA, section 116, a landlord shall not increase the rent charged to a tenant without first giving the tenant at least 90 days written notice of the increase and section 119, requires that at least, 12 months have elapsed since the last rent increase charged to that tenant in the unit or at least 12 months have elapsed since the tenant first rented the unit. This applies, only, to units occupied by households who are paying market rent as section 7 (2) and (3) of the RTA exempts social housing units occupied by tenants/members whose rent is geared-to-income.

According to Community Legal Education Ontario, an AGI can only be instituted for three reasons: 1) there is an unusually high increases in municipal taxes and charges; 2) there is an increase in the cost of security services; and 3) capital expenses (major repairs, renovations, replacements, or additions that will last at least 5 years or are not part of the normal ongoing maintenance.

“If your landlord applies for an above-guideline increase, the Board will schedule a hearing. Your landlord must give you a copy of the application and a Notice of Hearing at least 30 days before the hearing. You and other tenants affected by the application have the right to challenge your landlord’s application at the hearing. For example, you might be able to argue that the work done by your landlord was not needed or did not cost what your landlord says it did. After hearing from you and your landlord, the Board will decide how much of a rent increase it will allow.”

Community Legal Education Ontario

On Evictions:

According to Section 37 (1) of the RTA, which explains the security of tenure, tenants can only be evicted in accordance with this Act. There will be more comprehensive breakdowns in the weeks and months to come, so please check back. In the mean time, the above link gives tenants the laws surrounding the termination of their agreement.